+ RMA Rural Municipalities
of Alberta

Resolution 2-18S

Combatting Rural Crime

Date:
March 20, 2018
Expiry Date:
April 1, 2021
Active Status:
Active
Sponsors:
Lacombe County
District:
2 - Central
Year:
2018
Convention:
Spring
Category:
Community Services
Status:
Accepted in Part
Vote Results:
Carried
Preamble:

WHEREAS there has been a proliferation of crime in rural Alberta over the past several years; and

WHEREAS citizens of rural Alberta are extremely concerned for their personal safety due to escalating levels and severity of property crime; and

WHEREAS the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and other police services lack the required resources to respond to and investigate reported rural crimes; and

WHEREAS Alberta’s overburdened court system results in charges laid against perpetrators of rural crime being dismissed; and

WHEREAS residents and businesses of rural Alberta are becoming increasingly frustrated with the shortcomings of our criminal justice system;

Operative Clause:

THEREFORE, BE lT RESOLVED that the Rural Municipalities of Alberta (RMA) request that the Government of Canada and the Government of Alberta develop and implement strategies and initiatives to prevent and combat rural crime, and punish those convicted of committing rural crime in a manner that will maximize deterrence;

FURTHER BE IT RESOLVED that the RMA, through the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, request the Government of Canada to continue with its review of the criminal justice system and sentencing reforms in a way that gets repeat offenders off the street for longer periods of time.

Member Background:

Rural crime is on the rise in Alberta. This statement is supported by the crime statistics that are kept by every major police agency in the province.

The reasons for this increase are suspected to be a downturn in our economy and the increased use of illegal drugs. The reality is that every rural resident has either had a crime committed against them ortheir property or can refer to a neighbour that has experienced it. What used to be a rare occurrence is now commonplace in rural areas.

While vulnerable individuals are being targeted by criminals- who have identified flaws both in thecriminal justice system and in the capacity of police departments to respond to- they are unable to defend themselves without the risk of facing heavier penalties for protecting their home and families. Law-abiding residents have their hands tied.

Lacombe/Wetaskiwin Member of Parliament, Blaine Calkins recently hosted a series of town hall meetings with residents to discuss rural crime. All of these meetings were fully attended and participants voiced deep concern about both the frequency and increasing severity of rural crime. The full proceedings of these meetings will be presented to Parliament in the future, but the sheer number of attendees and the common themes in the views expressed all pointed to a serious problem with rural crime.

Residents are taking steps that are offered to them. This is evidenced by the resurgence of Rural Crime Watch organizations and Citizens on Patrol groups in most communities as a possible way for residents to deal with this problem. ln addition, many rural municipalities have implemented programs like Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) to assist their residents.

These actions by citizens are not likely to have much of an effect unless the criminal justice system in Canada takes this problem seriously and deals with offenders in a much more serious and meaningful way. Conversations with police agencies indicate that repeat offenders are committing much of this crime and they are increasingly becoming more concerned with the ability of the system to keep these offenders incarcerated.

Rural Albertans need the other levels of government to stop letting increasingly dangerous and violent offenders off with a “slap on the wrist”. Harsher penalties are needed, especially for criminals who have been proven, repeat offenders, while also giving them the tools they need to reform and rehabilitate from addictions that leads them to this lifestyle. ln addition, the Government of Canada needs to give property owners the ability to protect their home, their families, and their assets in a suitable manner, without the risk of receiving a prison sentence for assault (while the criminal gets away with little or no punishment at all).

Regardless of the reasons for this increase in rural crime, the fact remains that many rural residents do not feel safe in their homes as a result. This is an unacceptable situation in Canada, and we call for both the governments of Alberta and Canada to address this problem. ln 2017, the Government of Canada announced that it was undertaking a broad examination of Canada’s criminal justice system to ensure that it is just, compassionate and fair, while promoting a safe, peaceful and prosperous Canadian society.

Together with our MPs, MLAs, RMA, police officers, and fellow municipalities we can make our voices heard and take every opportunity to lead to a true change of the judicial system that protects the victims while penalizing (and reforming) the criminals.

RMA Background:

RMA has no active resolutions directly related to this issue.

Government Response:

Alberta Justice and Solicitor General

While Alberta posted one of the largest decreases in violent crime of any Canadian province or territory in 2016, property crime rates, particularly those in rural communities, have remained problematic. Several rural communities have property crime rates that are the highest they have been during the past five years. In other rural areas, property crime rates have been consistently above the overall provincial average and are not decreasing.

The Government of Alberta recognized the need to take action on rural crime, and committed $10 million to address rural crime issues through a seven-point action plan developed in consultation with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. This plan includes an $8 million investment in 39 new officers, 40 civilian staff, and $2 million to hire additional Crown prosecutors. It specifically focuses on crime reduction, enhanced intelligence, shifting some routine tasks to civilians, sharing information to help police better identify and catch prolific offenders, enhancing technology, and public education and engagement.

Development:

In March 2018, the Government of Alberta implemented a Rural Crime Action Plan intended to reduce rural crime by better focusing resources in rural areas and prioritizing a proactive and strategic approach to addressing rural crime. The Action Plan included the following seven points:

  • Crime reduction units: Specially trained officers will focus on arresting prolific offenders. This initiative will expand on a successful pilot project in Central Alberta.
  • Specialized police intelligence: Six additional intelligence-focused RCMP officers plus four crime analyst positions will allow the RCMP to identify prolific offenders and target organized crime.
  • Policing support centre: RCMP officers need to be on the streets protecting our communities, not behind a desk filling out paperwork. Twenty-three civilians will input investigative updates dictated over the phone by officers.
  • More Crown prosecutors: $2 million will allow the Alberta Crown Prosecution Service to hire up to 10 Crown prosecutors who will focus solely on rural crime.
  • Better coordination: Sharing information with Alberta sheriffs, Fish and Wildlife Enforcement, Commercial Vehicle Enforcement and conservation officers will effectively make these officials additional “eyes and ears” for police.
  • Enhanced technology: The RCMP will work with Alberta Justice and Solicitor General and other partners to explore new ways of using technology to target rural crime, including bait programs.
  • Public education and engagement: The RCMP will engage and educate Albertans about crime prevention.

The Action Plan was supported by a $10 million investment from the Government of Alberta.

In September 2018, the Government of Alberta and Royal Canadian Mounted Police jointly announced an 11% decrease in property crimes in rural Alberta detachments between January and July 2018 – a reduction that is at least partly linked by the Government of Alberta to the initiatives in the Action Plan. RMA is pleased with the Action Plan and the early positive indicators of its effectiveness in decreasing rural crime, and will advocate for the Government of Alberta to make a long-term funding commitment to sustain or expand the initial Action Plan.

RMA also forwarded this resolution to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) as per the second operative clause. FCM reviewed the resolution and indicated that because its focus is on rural areas only, they would be unable to commit to integrating into the justice-related advocacy efforts. RMA is disappointed with this response but will continue to work with FCM to share the rural Alberta perspective on issues related to crime and justice.

RMA assigns this resolution a status of Accepted in Part, and will continue to advocate on this issue at the provincial level and to the FCM.f

Provincial Ministries:
Justice and Solicitor General
Federal Ministries and Bodies:
Federation of Canadian Muncipalities
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